IRS Form 990: Complete and File

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What Is the 990 Form?

IRS form 990 is a mandatory tax-filing form completed and submitted annually to the Internal Revenue Service by entities that are eligible for income tax exemption within the United States. The 990 form demands that a tax-exempt organization should provide certain stationary information about itself, its activity type, management structure, income, and expenditures.

Using the information provided on form 990, the IRS can register and verify any relevant information regarding a particular organization exempt from paying income taxes. The form further serves as a publicly accessible official record that details the activities of a tax-exempt entity.

The IRS form 990 instructions say that the document might need to be submitted by non-profit-making charities, hospitals, some political entities, and religious institutions, based on their size and status. The type and size of the non-profit determine which variant of the form should be used and how many attachments need to go with it.

Which Version of the 990 Form to Choose?

Apart from the unabridged nonprofit form 990 for organizations whose total revenue equals or exceeds $200,000 or who have $500,000 or more worth of total assets, there are three other variants of the 990 form for nonprofits that can be submitted to the IRS:

  • Form 990-PF
    Form 990-PF
    It's the form that all private foundations in the USA need to file with the IRS. Among other things, the form contains essential fiscal data and enlists all the grants received by the organization.
  • Form 990-EZ
    Form 990-EZ
    Form 990-EZ is a two-page statement submitted to the IRS by non-profits that gross less than $200,000 in total receipts and have less than $500,000 worth of total assets by the end of the tax year.
  • Form 990-N
    Form 990-N
    Also known as ePostcard, form 990-N is an eight-question e-return for small non-profit organizations whose gross receipts are $50,000 or less. But there is no paper version of the Form 990-N.

The Structure of Form 990

The form is divided into several sections, including sections for providing information about the organization's mission and programs, its finances, and its governance and management. In the "Statement of Program Service Accomplishments" section, organizations must describe their activities and accomplishments during the tax year. In the "Financial Statements" section, organizations must provide detailed information about their income, expenses, and assets.

One of the most important sections of the 990 Form is the "Statement of Revenue" section, where organizations must provide information about their sources of income, such as donations, grants, and investments. This section also includes boxes for reporting the organization's total revenue and expenses for the tax year.

How to File It to IRS?

How to File It to IRS?

There are several ways to file the 990 Form. Organizations can file the form electronically using the IRS e-file system, or they can file a paper copy by mail. Most organizations are required to file the form electronically unless they meet certain criteria for exemption.

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The Due Date for Filling the 990 Form

The due date for filing the 990 Form varies depending on the type of organization and the tax year. For most organizations, the form is due by the 15th day of the fifth month after the tax year-end. For example, if an organization's tax year ends on December 31, the form would be due by May 15 of the following year.

Overall, the 990 Form is an important tool for tax-exempt organizations to provide information about their operations and finances to the IRS. It is important for organizations to carefully complete the form and file it by the due date to avoid penalties and maintain their tax-exempt status.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • When are forms of the 990 series due?
    There is no one set date for submitting Forms 990 to the IRS. The deadline is determined individually, depending on when a non-profit’s fiscal year ends. Usually, an exempt organization is to file its Form 990 on the 15th day of the 5th month following the completion of its fiscal year.
  • Are there IRS form 990 extensions of time to file?
    Non-profit entities submitting Form 990, 990-EZ, or 990-PF may qualify for up to two 90-day extensions of time to file. For example, a non-profit entity whose fiscal year completes on December 31 can file their 990 on May 15, take an extension and file on August 15, or use both extensions and file on November 15.
  • Can a non-profit organizations file form 990 online?
    Non-profit organizations can file their 990 electronically or in paper form. The service is free for non-profits that gross less than $100,000 in total receipts per tax year.

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